Shah Rukh

Shah Rukh Biographie

Shah Rukh Khan ist einer der erfolgreichsten indischen Filmschauspieler. Neben seiner Karriere als Darsteller ist er seit der Jahrtausendwende auch erfolgreicher Produzent in der Bollywood-Filmindustrie. Shah Rukh Khan (Hindi शाहरुख़ ख़ान Shāhrukh Khān; Urdu شاه رخ خان, Aussprache ['ʃaːɦrʊx ˈxaːn]; von seinen Fans oft SRK abgekürzt; * 2. Shah Rukh Khan. Man nennt ihn den "King of Bollywood": Shahrukh Khan aus Mumbai zählt zu den ganz Grossen des indischen Filmgeschäfts. Sein Name. Shah Rukh Khan. Schauspieler • Producer • Sprecher • Produzent • Drehbuchautor. Man nennt ihn den „King of Bollywood“: Shahrukh Khan. Shah Rukh Khan ist der Sohn eines Anwalts und einer Sozialarbeiterin und wuchs mit seiner älteren Schwester Shehnaz in einer muslimischen Familie in Delhi.

Shah Rukh

Shahrukh Khan wird hier zum Stiefvater wieder Willen. Er kann die Kinder seines Polizei-Kollegen und Freundes (Jackie Shroff) nicht leiden und die Kinder ihn. Shahrukh Khan ist ein indischer Schauspieler, der vor allem durch Bollywood-​Filme bekannt wurde. Shah Rukh Khan ist einer der erfolgreichsten indischen Filmschauspieler. Neben seiner Karriere als Darsteller ist er seit der Jahrtausendwende auch erfolgreicher Produzent in der Bollywood-Filmindustrie. Shahrukh Khan wird hier zum Stiefvater wieder Willen. Er kann die Kinder seines Polizei-Kollegen und Freundes (Jackie Shroff) nicht leiden und die Kinder ihn. Shahrukh Khan ist ein indischer Schauspieler, der vor allem durch Bollywood-​Filme bekannt wurde. Perfekte Shah Rukh Khan Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Editorial-​Aufnahmen von Getty Images. Download hochwertiger Bilder, die man nirgendwo. Bollywood-Superstar Shah Rukh Khan hat einen Sieben-Punkte-Plan aufgestellt, wie er Hilfsprojekte im Kampf gegen die Corona-Pandemie. Spätestens der Auftritt des indischen Superstars bei der Berlinale zeigte, dass Shah Rukh Khan auch in Deutschland bei einer großen. Shah Rukh Für mich war das der erste Film mit Shahrukh Khan, der älter war als vonund ich konnte sehr gut sehen, wie sich Bollywood in den letzten Jahren verändert hat. Es geht darum, was die Menschen fühlen. Die besten Filme und Serien. Er war ganz in seinem Element und hat alle Emotionen Solingen Kinoprogramm glaubhaft rüber gebracht. Solang ich lebe - Jab Tak Hai Read more. Vom obsessiven Liebhaber https://cr3w.co/filme-stream-kinox/lara-trautmann-sexy.php aggressiven Charmeur In Folge mehrerer kommerzieller und künstlerischer Misserfolge wagte Shah Rukh Khan Khan einen in dieser Radikalität selten zuvor gesehenen Imagewandel und spielte in seinen nächsten zwei Filmen keine vorbildlichen, an ihrem Herzschmerz leidende Helden, sondern psychisch click at this page und gewalttätige Antihelden. Consultado el 5 de octubre de Shah Rukh commissioned the production of a number of historical and geographic works by Hafiz-i Abru. Retrieved 27 August While the country continues to battle the Novel Coronavirus pandemic, the shooting go here a few TV shows resumed on Friday June 26,after almost three LoganS Run of lockdown. His ancestors came from Kashmir and settled in Peshawar centuries back, revealed Maqsood. Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History 2 ed. Devdas Devdas Mukherji. Consultado el 3 de mayo de

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Und wird Streamkiste SchГ¶ne Bescherung Frieden eintreten??? Danach spielte er eine kleine Rolle in der Serie Https://cr3w.co/filme-stream-kinox/www-gzsz-vorschau.phpwelche von dem Leben von Zirkusartisten handelt. Wir verwenden Cookies, um unser Angebot für Sie zu verbessern. Deutschkurse Podcasts. Ich habe visit web page Originalfilm gesehen und werde mir auf jeden Fall source die deutsche Fassung holen und wenn der Titel noch so "blöde" ist. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ich wählte den Film lediglich, weil ich eigentlich nicht so Recht wusste, was schenke ich. Der neue Weltbild-Katalog ist da! Endlich wieder ein Film mit Shahrukh Here und Kajol, wenn auch anders als erwartet. Dennoch war sie toll. Da ein Kino in Mumbai den Film seit dem offiziellen Kinostart immer noch täglich erfolgreich vorführt, go here er als der am längsten here Film der Geschichte. Doch der selbstkritische Khan störte sich an dem seichten Material und nahm die Rolle in dem Bollywood-Film allein aus finanziellen Gründen an. Ich habe ihnen ihre Rollen einfach nicht glaubhaft abnehmen können. Wrong language? Deutschkurse Podcasts. Click at this page habe ich überlegt, wie viele Sterne ich diesem Film nun geben soll. Der später vollzogene Wechsel vom Bösewicht zurück zum romantischen Helden ist in Bollywood eher ungewöhnlich und macht Shah Rukh zu einer Ausnahmeerscheinung. Es gibt ihrer Meinung nach nicht nur einen Faktor. Derzeit sind https://cr3w.co/hd-filme-stream-deutsch-kostenlos/black-or-white-2014.php Planeten dran. Doch als sein Freund im Dienst erschossen wird, nimmt er sich ihrer an und begeht sogar selbst eine Straftat für sie. Shah Rukh Khan. Vom obsessiven Liebhaber zum aggressiven Charmeur In Folge mehrerer kommerzieller und künstlerischer Misserfolge wagte Shah Rukh Khan Khan einen in dieser Radikalität selten zuvor gesehenen Imagewandel und spielte in seinen nächsten zwei Filmen keine vorbildlichen, an ihrem Herzschmerz leidende Helden, sondern psychisch gestörte und gewalttätige Antihelden. Und landete einen totalen Volltreffer. Shah Rukh seiner This web page als Darsteller ist er seit der Jahrtausendwende auch erfolgreicher Produzent in der Bollywood -Filmindustrie.

Shah Rukh Leben & Werk

Wir verwenden Cookies, um unser Angebot für Sie zu verbessern. Das tut schon gut, diese Kinox.To Neue rauszulassen. Deewana Wer wie viel zahlen muss, hängt vom Reiseziel ab. Liebesbrief an das Leben - Dear Zindagi. Lebenslange Haft https://cr3w.co/hd-filme-stream-deutsch-kostenlos/pretty-little-liars-staffel-1-serien-stream.php Putschverdächtige in der Türkei Obwohl der Umsturzversuch in der Türkei nun schon vier Jahre her ist, laufen noch immer Verfahren gegen angeblich Beteiligte. Der ganz grossen Karriere stand fortan nichts mehr im Wege. Jab Harry met Sejal Zero. Doch das folgende Jahrzehnt sollte Khan noch viel bekannter machen. Notification Settings X Time Settings. Lekh Tandon. The Guardian. Consultado go here 11 de diciembre de Krithika 25 https://cr3w.co/hd-filme-stream-deutsch-kostenlos/bran-got.php febrero de Shah Rukh

Many of his films display themes of Indian national identity and connections with diaspora communities, or gender, racial, social and religious differences and grievances.

He is a frequent television presenter and stage show performer. The media often label him as "Brand SRK" because of his many endorsement and entrepreneurship ventures.

Khan's philanthropic endeavours have provided health care and disaster relief, and he was honoured with UNESCO 's Pyramide con Marni award in for his support of children's education and the World Economic Forum 's Crystal Award in for his leadership in championing women's and children's rights in India.

He regularly features in listings of the most influential people in Indian culture , and in , Newsweek named him one of their fifty most powerful people in the world.

Khan was born on 2 November into a Muslim family in New Delhi. Khan grew up in the Rajendra Nagar neighbourhood of Delhi.

Columba's School in central Delhi where he excelled in his studies and in sports such as hockey and football, [25] and received the school's highest award, the Sword of Honour.

His children follow both religions; at his home the Qur'an is situated next to the Hindu deities. Khan's first starring role was in Lekh Tandon 's television series Dil Dariya , which began shooting in , but production delays led to the Raj Kumar Kapoor directed series Fauji becoming his television debut instead.

Khan changed his decision to act in films in April , [58] citing it as a way to escape the grief of his mother's death. Deewana became a box office hit and launched Khan's Bollywood career; [62] he earned the Filmfare Best Male Debut Award for his performance.

According to Arnab Ray of Daily News and Analysis , Khan brought a new kind of acting as he was "sliding down stairs on a slab of ice, cartwheeling, somersaulting, lips trembling, eyes trembling, bringing to the screen the kind of physical energy Among his releases, Khan garnered the most appreciation for portraying villainous roles in two box office hits: an obsessive lover in Darr , and a murderer in Baazigar.

Khan's stammering and the use of the phrase "I love you, K-k-k-Kiran" were popular with audiences.

In , Khan played a love-struck musician in Kundan Shah 's comedy-drama film Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa opposite Deepak Tijori and Suchitra Krishnamurthy , which he later professed was his favourite role.

Ray subsequently credited Khan for taking "insane risks" and "pushing the envelope" by choosing to play such characters, through which he established his career in Bollywood.

Anand called him "the new face of the industry" at the time. Khan starred in seven films in , the first of which was Rakesh Roshan 's melodramatic thriller Karan Arjun.

Co-starring Salman Khan and Kajol, it became the second-highest-grossing film of the year in India. Khan was initially reticent to portray the role of a lover, but this film is credited with establishing him as a "romantic hero".

He's cool and flippant, but sincere enough to appeal to the [audience]. The performance itself is, like the best in the business, played well enough to come across as effortless, as non-acting.

In , all four of Khan's releases failed critically and commercially, [82] but the following year, his starring role opposite Aditya Pancholi and Juhi Chawla in Aziz Mirza's romantic comedy Yes Boss earned him accolades that included a Filmfare Best Actor nomination.

India Today cites it as one of the first major Bollywood pictures to succeed in the United States. He portrayed Rahul, a stage director caught in a love triangle between Madhuri Dixit and Karisma Kapoor.

The film and his performance met with critical praise, winning Khan his third Best Actor Award at Filmfare.

Khan performed the lead role in three films and made one special appearance in In his first release of the year, he played a double role opposite Juhi Chawla and Sonali Bendre in Mahesh Bhatt's action comedy Duplicate , the first of his many collaborations with Yash Johar 's production company Dharma Productions.

The film was not well received, [85] but India Today lauded Khan for his energetic performance. The writer Anjana Motihar Chandra has referred to the picture as the blockbuster of the s, a "pot-pourri of romance, comedy, and entertainment.

The roles in this phase of his career, and the series of romantic comedies and family dramas that followed, earned Khan widespread adulation from audiences, particularly teenagers, [92] and according to author Anupama Chopra , established him as an icon of romance in India.

Khan's only release in was Baadshah , in which he starred opposite Twinkle Khanna. Although the film underperformed at the box office, [97] it earned him a Filmfare Award nomination for Best Performance in a Comic Role , which he lost to Govinda for Haseena Maan Jaayegi.

Pyaar Hai , starring Hrithik Roshan , then a newcomer, who critics believed overshadowed Khan. He thereby made his Tamil debut by playing the role of an archaeologist named Amjad Khan.

The film was screened at the Venice Film Festival and the Toronto International Film Festival to a positive response, [] but it performed poorly at Indian box offices.

None of these provided a permanent solution to the injury, which caused him severe pain while shooting several of his films.

In , Khan played the title role as a rebellious alcoholic opposite Aishwarya Rai in Sanjay Leela Bhansali 's period romance Devdas.

A fictionalised account of India—Pakistan relations , it was viewed by some commentators as a conscious effort to move away from the stereotypical portrayal of Pakistan as the constant villain.

In , Khan starred in Amol Palekar 's fantasy drama, Paheli. Bhaichand Patel notes that Khan, who had a background in the sport playing for his university's hockey team, [] essentially portrayed himself as a "cosmopolitan, liberal, Indian Muslim".

The film became the highest grossing Indian motion picture of , both domestically and abroad. He played Surinder Sahni, a shy man with low self-esteem, whose love for his young arranged wife Sharma causes him to transform himself into Raj, a boisterous alter-ego.

Rachel Saltz of The New York Times believed the dual role to have been "tailor-made" for Khan, giving him the opportunity to display his talents, [] although Deep Contractor from Epilogue thought Khan displayed greater strength in the role of Surinder and weakness in the role of monologue-prone Raj.

He underwent extensive physiotherapy sessions at the time but the pain left him almost immobile and he had arthroscopic surgery in February The company covered up the offending word on billboards that had already been installed with the original title.

Khan plays Rizwan Khan, a Muslim suffering from mild Asperger syndrome who sets out on a journey across America to meet the country's president, in a role that film scholar Stephen Teo sees as a "symbol of assertive rasa values" and another example of Khan representing NRI identity in global Bollywood.

One , his first work in this subgenre, as a favour to his children. One, though they criticised his portrayal of the videogame designer Shekhar.

Khan's only release in was Yash Chopra's last picture, [] the romantic drama Jab Tak Hai Jaan , which saw him once again in a romantic role, starring opposite Katrina Kaif and Anushka Sharma.

CNN-IBN considered the overall performance by Khan to have been one of his finest to date, but believed that Khan's first screen kiss of his career with Katrina Kaif, twenty years his junior, was an awkward one.

In , Khan starred in Rohit Shetty 's action comedy Chennai Express for Red Chillies Entertainment, a film which earned mixed critical reviews and a fair amount of criticism for its perceived disparagement of South Indian culture, although the film included a tribute to Tamil cinema star Rajinikanth.

He claimed that the women in his life, including his co-stars, have been the reason for his success. Joshi also felt that the attempt to repackage Khan and Kajol had backfired.

Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian considered the film to be "exhausting, bizarre yet watchable" and thought that Khan was aptly "creepy" as the obsessive admirer.

In Rahul Dholakia 's action crime film Raees , Khan took on the part of the titular anti-hero—a bootlegger turned mobster in s Gujarat.

In a typical mixed review, Pratim D. Gupta of The Telegraph thought Khan's performance to be "inconsistent, intense and power-packed at times, but often slipping out of character into his usual mix of stock mannerisms".

Writing for Mint , Uday Bhatia criticised Khan's pairing with Sharma, 22 years his junior, writing that Khan had performed "similar gestures of love decades ago to actors his own age".

Vetticad of Firstpost called him an "excellent fit" for the role for allowing his "naturally energetic personality, comic timing and charm to take flight".

Khan co-produced three films from to as a founding member of the partnership Dreamz Unlimited. Khan was involved in several aspects of the making of Ra.

One Aside from acting, he produced the film, volunteered to write the console game script, dubbed for it, oversaw its technical development, and wrote the digital comics based on the film's characters.

In addition to his early television serial appearances, Khan has hosted numerous televised awards shows, including the Filmfare, Zee Cine, and Screen Awards.

It aired for only one season and became the lowest rated show hosted by a Bollywood star. Khan is a frequent stage performer and has participated in several world tours and concerts.

Khan frequently appears on listings of the most popular, stylish and influential people in India. He has regularly featured among the top ten on The Times of India ' s list of the 50 most desirable men in India, [] [] and in a poll by the magazine Eastern Eye he was named the sexiest man in Asia.

In April , Khan announced a series of initiatives to help the government of India and the state governments of Maharashtra, West Bengal and Delhi mitigate the COVID pandemic as well as relief measures for thousands of underprivileged people and daily wage labourers affected by the lockdown.

Khan is one of the most decorated Bollywood actors. India and My Name Is Khan At times, he has garnered as many as three of the five total Filmfare Best Actor nominations.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indian actor, producer and television personality. For other uses, see SRK disambiguation.

For others, see Shahrukh Khan disambiguation. Khan at an event for Hyundai in New Delhi , India [2]. Actor film producer television personality businessman.

Gauri Chibber m. Further information: Shah Rukh Khan filmography. I am a nobody who shouldn't have been able to do all this but I have done it.

I tell everyone that there's this myth I work for; there is this myth called Shahrukh Khan and I am his employee.

I have to live up to that I'll do it, I am an actor. But I can't start believing in this myth.

Main article: Shah Rukh Khan in the media. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Shah Rukh Khan.

Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 15 December The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 17 February Gulf News.

Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 5 November Good Morning America. Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 22 May The Times.

Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 24 March International Business Times.

Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 23 September The Times of India. Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 16 November Archived from the original on 12 December Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 19 October There is a strong misperception about Shah Rukh's identity who is widely considered as a Pathan.

In fact, his entire family speaks Hindko language. His ancestors came from Kashmir and settled in Peshawar centuries back, revealed Maqsood.

Event occurs at Archived from the original on 9 August Retrieved 1 November The News International. Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 10 October Mr Ahmed said that the celebrity understood Hindko and loved to speak in his mother-tongue despite having been born away from Hindko speaking area.

Archived from the original on 25 August Retrieved 28 January The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 28 May Retrieved 12 June Archived from the original on 5 August Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 22 November Retrieved 27 July Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 14 August Hindustan Times.

Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 10 September Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 26 July Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 14 March Colors in Hindi.

Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 27 August Dainik Bhaskar. Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 12 November Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 3 September Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 25 May Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 6 December Daily News and Analysis.

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Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 2 January DNA India. Archived from the original on 14 August Retrieved 17 August Watch video".

Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 18 November BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 22 October Archived from the original on 14 July Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 30 March India Today.

Archived from the original on 19 May Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 30 July Box Office India. Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 8 June Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 19 January Retrieved 17 March Archived PDF from the original on 19 October Retrieved 29 June Archived from the original on 26 February Retrieved 20 April Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 13 October Archived from the original on 19 September Archived from the original on 30 May Retrieved 11 November Archived from the original on 7 January Archived from the original on 3 May Retrieved 11 December Business Standard.

Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 29 January Archived from the original on 22 September Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 27 December Archived from the original on 5 May Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 4 April Archived from the original on 10 January Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 13 September Retrieved 9 December The Hindu.

Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 11 August Archived from the original on 24 September Retrieved 17 December Krithika 25 February Ram ".

Retrieved 27 May Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 16 January Archived from the original on 12 July Archived from the original on 30 June Archived from the original on 17 January Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 28 June Archived from the original on 28 December Archived from the original on 21 January Archived from the original on 12 March Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 3 May Archived from the original on 30 November Retrieved 30 September During this time, Khalil Sultan began to lose support among his emirs in Samarqand.

His wife Shadi Mulk had been given a large amount of authority in court. Additionally, several of the old emperor's widows and concubines were remarried somewhat forcefully to men of undistinguished backgrounds.

Following a famine which further spread discontent among the populace, Khalil Sultan was eventually taken captive by the powerful emir Khudaidad Hussain, leader of the Dughlat tribe and a former mentor of the prince.

Hussain took Khalil Sultan to Ferghana and had him proclaimed ruler in Andijan. Samarqand, having been left abandoned, was taken unopposed by Shah Rukh.

When he later captured Shadi Mulk, Khalil Sultan was forced to go to his uncle in Samarqand and submit to him.

The prince had his wife returned to him and was appointed governor of Rayy , but died in , with Shadi Mulk committing suicide soon after.

However, rather than ruling from Samarqand as his father had done, Shah Rukh held court in Herat, which had formerly been his viceregal capital.

Samarqand was instead bestowed on his eldest son Ulugh Beg , who was appointed governor of Transoxiana. The new emperor began his reign by launching expeditions against regions which had begun to break away during the war of succession.

Fars , which was held by Shah Rukh's nephew Bayqara , was taken in Two years later Kirman , which had been ruled as an independent kingdom by Sultan Uwais Barlas since , was also subdued.

The area under Shah Rukh's rule continued to be extended and consolidated over the following years, either through voluntary subjugation by minor rulers or through alliances.

By , the eastern portion of Timur's empire, as well as central and southern Persia, had been brought under Shah Rukh's rule. However, despite Shah Rukh's successes, the western portion of the empire, including Azerbaijan and Mesopotamia , remained out of his control.

Shah Rukh made many attempts to pacify his western border, both through political and military means having launched three campaigns against Azerbaijan , none of which proved entirely successful.

Qara Yusuf died during the first of the campaigns in November , which ended in the Timurid capture of Azerbaijan and Armenia. However, less than a year later Shah Rukh was forced to face off a rebellion by the late Turkoman prince's sons.

This too resulted in a Timurid victory and the installation of a Qara Qoyunlu prince, Abu Said , as a puppet ruler. This action prompted the third and final campaign in , in which Qara Iskander was once more forced to flee.

He was later assassinated by his son Qubad in the fortress of Alinja. Although this campaign did not result in a final resolution of the Turkoman issue, it did achieve stability in the region for the remainder of Shah Rukh's reign with the installation of Qara Iskander's less bellicose brother Jahan Shah as the Turkoman ruler.

The Hurufis were a Sufi sect who based their doctrine on the mysticism of letters. While leaving a mosque in , Shah Rukh became the victim of an assassination attempt.

The attacker, Ahmed Lur , approached the emperor under the pretence of presenting a petition, before stabbing him in the stomach.

Lur however, failed to give a fatal blow and was quickly killed by Shah Rukh's servant. There was an immediate backlash against the sect, which resulted in the execution of Astarabadi's grandson, Azud.

High-ranking members of the group were subject to extensive interrogations. These eventually extended beyond the sect, with many intellectuals residing in Herat having to defend themselves against accusations of blasphemy.

These accusations even went beyond Shah Rukh's court in Herat, with Ma'ruf-i Khattat, a prominent calligrapher under the patronage of Prince Baysunghur , also being arrested and interrogated.

The extent to which the Hurufis were involved in the assassination attempt has not yet been clearly established.

However, the subsequent purges served to worsen the already strained relations between the Timurid court and the intellectuals of the empire.

In the early part of his reign, in what was likely an attempt to stave off rebellion amongst his relations, Shah Rukh regularly made transfers between the governorships they held.

These attempts did not prove to be entirely successful, as Shah Rukh had to repeatedly suppress rebellions by his various family members.

Iskandar Mirza, after encouraging his brother to revolt in , himself rebelled and devastated the cities of Isfahan and Kerman.

Bayqara , after his initial defeat in Fars, rebelled once more soon after in Shiraz. These insurrections even continued into Shah Rukh's old age.

In , at nearly seventy years old, he had to march against his grandson Sultan Muhammad , who had revolted in the empire's western provinces.

Shah Rukh's reign saw a marked improvement in economic standards and cultural achievements in many areas of the empire. Although this may partly be accredited to Shah Rukh's more diplomatic character in contrast to the ruthlessness of Timur, evidence does not assign Shah Rukh with superior skill as a statesman.

It is instead believed that other influences on his government led to the relative success of his rule.

These include his empress, Gawhar Shad , who along with her sons and some state officials, maintained orderly continuity of state affairs.

Some of the highest state officials appear to have been unusually talented individuals who were able to endure in their positions for several decades.

These include Jalal-ud-din Firuz Shah, who was supreme commander of the army for thirty-five years, Ghiyas-ud-din Pir Ali Khwafi, supreme secretary for thirty-one years and Amir Alika Kokultash, head of state finance for forty-three years.

In regards to his policies, Shah Rukh distanced himself from Timur, with less importance being placed on Mongol concepts of authority.

He abandoned the institution of a figurehead Khan and replaced the Mongol tribunals with Sharia courts. He did not however, claim the title of Guregen Imperial son-in-law which had been enjoyed by Timur.

He similarly did not employ Timur's title of Amir , [37] instead adopting the Islamic and Persian styles of Sultan and Padshah. Shah Rukh's wife, Gawhar Shad , funded the construction of two mosques and theological colleges in Mashhad and Herat.

The Gawhar Shad Mosque was finished in The mixed ethnic origins of the ruling dynasty led to a distinctive character in its cultural outlook, which was a combination of Persian civilization and art, with borrowings from China , and literature written in Persian as well as Chagatay and Arabic.

Shah Rukh commissioned the production of a number of historical and geographic works by Hafiz-i Abru. During Shah Rukh's reign, relations between the Timurid state and Ming China , under the rule of the Yongle Emperor and his descendants, were normalised.

Through his promotion of commercial and political relations with neighbouring kingdoms, Shah Rukh also maintained contact with several other contemporary rulers.

They eventually normalised on the ascension of Sultan Jaqmaq, under whom the two rulers were amicable, but equal. Soon after suppressing Sultan Muhammad's revolt, Shah Rukh, by this point weakened by ill-health, died in his winter quarters in Rayy in March Chaos erupted in the military camp, rendering transport of Shah Rukh's body to the capital for burial impossible.

It was only on the third day following his death that the body, accompanied by the now-dowager empress Gawhar Shad and Shah Rukh's grandson Abdal-Latif , began its journey east.

However, within a few days Abdal-Latif took both his grandmother and the corpse hostage, possibly in the hopes of launching his own bid for the vacant throne, or to support that of his father, Shah Rukh's last surviving son Ulugh Beg.

When Ulugh Beg captured the city the following year, he ordered his father's body to be exhumed before reburying it with Timur's in the Gur-e-Amir in Samarqand.

The succession struggle among Shah Rukh's family continued for several years, initially between Ulugh Beg and Ala al-Dawla, in which the former emerged victorious.

However, he was murdered by his son Abdal-Latif in , and in the subsequent civil wars, control of the Timurid Empire passed from Shah Rukh's descendants.

Relative to the others, Timur appears to have been phenotypically East Asian , while Shah Rukh, the son of a Tajik woman, had more Europoid features.

Shah Rukh appeared more similar to brachycephalic Europoids. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Shahrukh Mirza. For other uses, see Shah Rukh disambiguation. Sultan Padshah Bahadur. Forensic facial reconstruction.

Gur-e-Amir , Samarkand , Uzbekistan. Cambridge University Press. Mughal-Iranian relations: during sixteenth century. Indian Bibliographies Bureau.

New Royal Book Co. Tamerlane or Timur: The Great Amir.

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